The #CoquitlamRailBlockade is part of a Wet’suwet’en defence movement that is spreading as Indigenous nations exercising their sovereign control over their territories stop traffic on rail lines
On Thursday February 13th we are beginning a blockade of the rail line in Coquitlam, at the most important CP train yard in Metro Vancouver. Our land defence action is part of the movement to #ShutCanadaDown in defence of Wet’suwet’en sovereignty, and also backs up, stands with, and celebrates the exercise of sovereignty and land defence at Tyendinega, Treaty 1, and Gitxsan territories.
On Thursday February 6th, the day that the RCMP began its raid on Wet’suwet’en territory and the Unist’ot’en Camp, Tyendinega Mohawks set up a land defence camp beside the CN rail line that trespasses their territory. CN responded by stopping all train traffic on this line. In the week since, more Indigenous nations have started rail line blockades, stopping traffic on the original infrastructure of Canada’s settler colonial project.
In a statement released on February 12th, the Tyendinega Mohawk Kanenhariyo explained that their land defence camp is an expression of the Two Row wampum, which is “the basis of the relationship between the Onkwehon:we and the newcomers.” The Two Row wampum “doesn’t have an expiry, it doesn’t grow whiskers or get old, it doesn’t become obsolete unless one of the parties in the river disappears,” Kanenhariyo said.
Kanenhariyo explained that the Two Row wampum agreement is also one of co-operation. “It said that if there was ever rough waters ahead that we could reach over and stabilize each others boats. We had the responsibility to inform the other boat if there was troubled water ahead.” Kanenhariyo paused before addressing the OPP, “it seems there is some troubled water.”
On Saturday February 8th, the Gitxsan nation started a blockade of the CN rail line outside New Hazelton. Gitxsan hereditary Chief Norman Stephens explained that the sovereignty of the Gitxsan nation is inextricably bound up with that of the Wet’suwet’en. “If their rights are being trampled, our rights are being trampled. We have never surrendered our rights, nor have the Wet’suwet’en surrendered their rights. The land remains under the authority of the Wet’suwet’en, the Gitxsan, since time immemorial,” he said.
On Friday February 7th, the Ontario Superior Court issued an injunction ordering the removal of the Tyendinaga camp. But nearly a week later, it has not been enforced. On Wednesday February 12th, Tyendinaga Mohawk Police Chief Jason Brant pleaded with the land defenders to end the blockade. In response, the Tyendinega Mohawks set up a second land defence camp on the rail line.
Also on February 12th, land defenders on Treaty 1 territory set up a rail blockade on a section of CN rail track about 7km outside of Winnipeg. Harrison Powder, one of the land defenders, explained to a CBC reporter that the blockade was in support of Wet’suwet’en sovereignty. “When you invade Indigenous territory, and you try to force pipelines on our people, there’s consequences to that, and this here today is one of those consequences,” he said, “We want the RCMP out of there.”
But he also framed the blockades as “a long time coming;” the roots are resistance against Canada’s continued colonial violence against Indigenous peoples. “Our people have been saying for years ‘we can shut down this country, we can stop the economy, we can cause major economic damage’ — and it’s happening now,” he said.
The Wet’suwet’en nation’s heroic land and sovereignty defence has started a movement that is focused on defending the Wet’suwet’en nation, but which has quickly taken on a more radical, fundamental meaning. The sustained land defence actions at Tyendinega, Treaty 1, and Gitxsan, as well as the urban blockades of rail, port, and highways, show that the united struggle against Canada’s settler colonial violence is growing, not going away.